How To Dress Kids On Colder Days
Before a walk or activity do you think about how to dress so that our you or your children are not too hot or too cold? We have prepared an explanation for you of the so-called three-layer principle. This principle explains how to dress in order to feel comfortable during any outside activity.
What Is The Three-Layer Principle?
The three-layer principle, also called the onion principle, is a dressing method in which you combine clothes of different materials according to specific rules to keep you comfortable no matter the conditions. This principle is used in sports and outdoor activities as well as in work activities, especially where a person sweats frequently but at the same time needs to be protected from the cold or rain.
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What Are The Layers Of Clothing And How Do They Work?
- The base layer wicks sweat away from the skin for example functional underwear made of polyester fibres (microfibers)
- The middle layer provides thermal insulation for example turtlenecks and sweatshirts made of fleece, polyester, wool, cotton.
- The upper layer protects against wind and rain such as raincoats, softshell jackets.
Base (Bottom) Layer Of Clothing
The bottom layer of clothing is in direct contact with the skin and therefore should provide maximum comfort. This layer is also referred to as the transport layer, as the sweat is first absorbed and then removed from the body surface in the form of steam, or to another layer of clothing. They are usually made of light synthetic fibres based on polyester or polypropylene. These fibres can insulate very well and at the same time absorb liquid moisture with minimal absorbency. The synthetic microfibers allow liquid moisture to be sucked into the next layer even faster. If we or our children are wearing clothes made of such a material, we will feel warm and dry and will be protected from unwanted cooling. In addition, this avoids excessive overheating during more demanding physical activity. This layer of clothing includes special functional thermal underwear and socks.
Middle (Insulating) Layer Of Clothing
The insulating layer fulfils the role of thermal insulation. In other words, it removes moisture further from the body (from the first layer of clothing) and dissipates excess heat in the form of steam further to the next layer of clothing. This phenomenon occurs with the help of a special bond and the fibres used. The fabric contains air, which fulfils an insulating function and retains body heat. Examples include turtlenecks and sweatshirts made of fleece material, polyester, wool and cotton.
Top (Protective) Layer Of Clothing
The protective layer protects against external influences - wind, rain, snow and minor mechanical damage. It is important that such clothing is sufficiently waterproof, offers a good amount of breathability and enables the removal of moisture away into the air. The upper (protective) layer of clothing includes various raincoats, jackets and trousers with a vapour-permeable membrane or softshell jackets.